Roger Thayer Stone Center For Latin American Studies

Tulane University

Brazilian Music Expresses People'€™s Struggles

July 15th, 2011

By: Mary Ann Travis

The country of Brazil has a distinctiveness all its own. Its citizens speak Portuguese, for one thing. And to an extent not seen in most other countries, popular music is an essential part of the identity of Brazil, says Christopher Dunn, associate professor of Spanish and Portuguese at Tulane.

Photo: Chico Science and Nação Zumbi perform with their band in Recife, Brazil, in 1995. They were the leading proponents of ‘€œmangue beat,‘€ which combined psychedelic rock, electronica and hip-hop with regional rhythms such as maracatu, coco and ciranda. (Photo by Gil Vicente)

‘€œBrazil might, in fact, be the most salient example of a country in which popular music has had an important role in society and politics and in the formation of cultural identity,‘€ Dunn says.

It‘€™s an issue of degree, says Dunn. In other countries, popular music plays in the background. But in Brazil, ‘€œMusic is central to Brazilian notions of personal and national identity.‘€

With Idelber Avelar, professor of Spanish and Portuguese at Tulane, Dunn co-edited Brazilian Popular Music and Citizenship (Duke University Press, 2011). ‘€œWe both have a deep interest in Brazilian music,‘€ says Dunn, and both are affiliated with the Stone Center for Latin American Studies at Tulane.

Dunn and Avelar collaborated on collecting, editing and translating the essays in the book, many of them originally written in Portuguese by Brazilian scholars, including anthropologists, historians, literary scholars and ethnomusicologists. Among other contributors to the book are Daniel Sharp, Tulane assistant professor of music, and Aaron Lorenz, who earned a PhD in Latin American studies from Tulane in 2009.

The essays go beyond the formal study of Brazilian music per se, although there are discussions of samba, coco, maracatu and bossa nova as well as international genres that have been Brazilianized such as hip-hop, funk, rock and even the waltz. ‘€œWhat we really wanted to do is capture a range of debate and discussion around citizenship in Brazil,‘€ says Dunn.

The citizenship that Dunn is talking about is not about how people literally become citizens. ‘€œIt‘€™s about the long struggle for people gaining rights in the country ‘€” civil rights, social rights, political rights, cultural rights.

‘€œWe‘€™re interested in how music has played a role in these struggles,‘€ says Dunn.

See the original article in Tulane’s New Wave